The Division Bell, High Hopes, The 5th Wave And Other Video’s

We all have such high hopes and standards about entertainment video’s and The 5th Wave for me was no exception. It reminded me of Pink Floyd’s Division Bell music video you can listen and watch below.

The 5th Wave is a new film out about the occupation of earth by a race known only as The Others. They came from space in a flying disc shaped space craft and over a short period of time attack the people of earth in waves.

When you watch Pink Floyd’s High Hopes video you can see similar cinematic features in The 5th Wave. The Teddy Bear and wheels both are included in the movie and the official music video. Why is this do you think?

In a classic alien film They Live we are introduced to special glasses that see the world the way it really is and the 5th Wave taps into this too. With every new film out of the same genre there is some sort of homage happening. Out of respect perhaps?

Equally object’s like the bear and wheel has symbolism hinting similar expectations and representations. The wheel is powerful symbol to adults and children as is the Teddy Bear. One is about power and the other is about coming of age. This sort of framing objects is used regularly in motion pictures.

The balloons half filled with helium also means something. The Pink Floyd video focuses on these balloons, the balloons have symbols on them, the same symbols used on PSY Op cards. These cards are like the one’s we see used to test psychic soldier’s in the film and book The Men Who Stare At Goats.

The balloons float but do not float away, they just merrily bounce down the conclave corridors. These balloons were sold for profit and did so by using less costly helium. The floating when attached with high hopes also gives clear messages about other lotherius methods used to make money out of the youth generation.

The bell is replaced by the cross. One is much heavier than the other. The bell makes a sound, the cross is wood, agar wood is known as the scent from heaven. The bell ringer Quazimodo also gave rise to the cinema. The Spanish gypsies made him the King Joker for being the ugliest man in the village and crowned him as such in front of the church gates.

The politics still exists in everything relative to the time of its initial release. Chancers who use the human resources available on the planet at any given time. We are brought up to respect our elected leaders. As indeed we are given two sides of the coin to flip.

However everything is not as simple as that. Binary opposites only create more confusion. The global consciousness is already decided according to those of any real influence. The Media splash out regardless of all the recession proofing spoke about all these years.

The division’s only weighs heavier if we allow it. Like Aristotle was were all given the same choice, carry on carrying on and pay the price or accept the lifeline when offered out to you. Why is there only 2 options do you think?


Leadership in NATO Questioning Koran

left_gatekeepersThis year we have seen european education focusing on Leadership, many of you have been educated from various backgrounds and understand what I mean. NATO has invested in new ways of understanding the world and trying to understand why the world is the way it is. NATO stands for north Atlantic treaty organisation and they take great pride when given a pat on the back when they show they have understood the new literature which is helping people evolve. The prime aim is to educate women and educate men and women on how women think. The work place has changed and more and more women are working in high executive positions where decisions have to be made. Teams working together in unison can really help companies succeed. Sometimes people will have to be disciplined and taught about new values. This temporary transition has effected the legal system. Many people are worried about the law, but since the law is changing they should not worry, they have to educate themselves. My question is this, will this transformation be as disruptive as the crusades? Also I ask how long will it take for people who have been educated in various laws around the world to become universal. Also I ask about the value of life and like NATO take a look at the persuasion techniques already in place to keep people happy and peaceful. Another question if I get time I would really love to discuss and see some people answering is where is the middle ground. Clearly there are going to be differences of opinion, many of them are already out there broadcast on YouTube. You can see how convinced people are in their knowledge of the law. But there is this defensive side showing which is quite worrying. In the 21st century there are still laws in place that are completely different to the laws and how we understand them. What you learn whilst writing and sharing about leadership are the problems you can expect and the solutions to overcoming them. The course felt more like a probing think tank. The world is looking for solutions so this is correct. And there is an element of truth to the resistance of law as we understand it. When sharing about how we dealt with situations successfully. Because it worked in the time zone the conviction for the effectiveness of how it was dealt with the opinion takes precedence in the group so everyone react but also jot down the example for future reference. Three things happened for me. I got to hear a problem in a real job in a position of leadership and how that person dealt with the situation. The thoughts they had about other members and the possible reasons that they and the rest of the class deduced about why the problem became a problem. And of course being able to come up with a solution that would in any other sense never been there. This example if documented then is adding to the think tank of actions we are seeing implemented today.

Secondly it gives a platform for people to speak. Most of the students came from what I would call really good jobs. Civil servants, leaders of big companies, all different types of cultures who had worked in other countries and it was a great platform to make friends. Each day differences of opinion would clearly show and each time something happened lots of amazing transformational diffusion happened, we each had are said because we had to and why not and we communicated through various ways. (a clear introduction of what we were doing, on the wall diagrams or lists, pen to paper, group discussions, presentations and always at the end really reflective feedback.

Thirdly I learned to find certain topics which would change me in various ways. The high end of the spectrum would be a disconnect, lack of energy and disengaged. The reasons for this would be lack of understanding and a clear understanding that new in-doctrines were being introduced. They are not new because I have tried to study them on my own over the years but never really been able to understand the practicalities in my life, which is possibly why I would want to disconnect. When put into scenarios that might pop up in the future and being pressed into stepping into the boots of a leader in this place. These new ideas or laws became appealing, the interruptions from other inquisitive people made me realise at first that what at first seems disruptive and for some people triggering, these new teachings were the fundamental cores of the new indoctrinating of the 21st century. Knowing however is half the thing creating the jobs and accepting that leaders and managers are not the only roles is my concern. Having to many chefs in the kitchen is only going to create a lot of dirty dishes and excess food being thrown away. Similarly my argument was there is already a lack of jobs, so what is the point learning leadership and management. I thought is a form of control, but then I thought about the laws being obsolete. It’s just they are not obsolete they are just bending for the new world we live in. The laws are being bent by powerful successful companies that know how to make things happen. The leadership then is a like a flat plan that anyone can open to create and explain their own company. This is appealing to employers according to the sort of jobs available, however they are looking for experience not education. This is why now the only way I can interpret what I learned on the course as yet another tick on chart of personal development. A treasured experience added to the academic curiosity about phycology, business studies, communications and speaking coherently without all the waffle.

Much of what I know is based on an amalgamation of cultures in the east and west. Much of what we are learning is also being taught in the middle east so these leaders are also facing challenges to carry out the new revelations into society. Which is where the problems come in and the same thought is applied to law. Any rewrite is going to upset the apple cart and when leaders remind the students that the laws have worked for centuries they just agree. By being taught about leadership they maybe able to snap out of this trance and disagree or simply stop putting there hand up when asked to do so.

In the context of sharia law I think this is one way imams can help teach members in the mosque. By teaching them to think for themselves and resist against the words in a book, rather listen to clear guidance and be less quick to challenge the new and accepted norms. Most good people who are educated in a way that makes them able to live comfortably, raise a family and give to the community is a good thing. If someone is always an outsider and wants to return to the land where they think they originate they should get the help they need to do this. I think you will find the same challenges are being faced everywhere. Every year pilgrims meet up and if it is anything like my experience of living in a big city they do not always get the opportunity talk about certain things and challenge norms. This is why the indoctrination that NATO has chosen is still limited, however I commend the efforts and am confident that this arena can grow, regardless of its origin, Europe, America or anywhere else. The fact is that not only does it help, it can also be applied to persons who are struggling with defending old norms and continually forcing other people into the train of thought. The tactics out there people use are fear, there has been chauvinism in the world however that has changed. I am glad women are helping doing jobs. In times of war women always chipped in. Before that women have disrupted the challenges and fears societies had. The stronger however the society the danger of the divisions. This is simply only part of pulling people up to par.

This is a gift, and most of us have accepted these gifts, I am sure you have bought your wife and children an I-pad which is a great tool from America. You can even type in Arabic just like in the Koran. Similarly the bible is available on the kindle to read. There are lots of cross references that eventually by way of persuasion make sense. Just like other scrolls from the archives. They are simply that though, archives. Imagine this everyone goes to space on a space ship to another solar system. Each person carries their faith with them from various backgrounds. People will understand the importance of these traditions, however the law of the ship will not be determined by locking people in their room for 24 hours or covering them up for the rest of the ship to see. The show must go on and people are already adapting despite what they show in a congregation. There are things people say in the group that are different when involved with a mixed tribe and any anger or inability to do the work shows. Willingness is rewarded with more responsibility. If leaders and law makers who are in power are not able to have a normal conversation about these pressing issues then will first need various things pointing out to them. If they stay stubborn and are the only ones who think they are right then they have to be taken away of this place until they can prove they have been educated again. The chances are any challenges like this will weaken their willingness to do what they think they were born to do. When this spills into how they treat families at home it is none of my business. That said the fact is I am sure behind their backs there kids are doing something completely different. Families turn a blind eye to things, but continue articulating how it is in their world and how the blessings have shaped the way they think. This thinking is a big fence. I say stop chewing corn and get out there and start speaking to the rest of the members in the democratic village.

Bread and the Great depression

Tips on How to Make Secret Recipe: Pineapple Sweet Bread
Pineapple sweet bread is by far the most yummy bread on the market today. You can buy it in London and I assumed it was an african style bread but sources suggest that Pineapple sweet bread is actually a Turkish recipe.

No Place to Hide: The Strategy and Tactics of Terrorism (1982)

No Place to Hide: The Strategy and Tactics of Terrorism. A WESTERN GOALS PRODUCTION.

Directed by Dick Quincer. With G. Edward Griffin. The operation of powerful Marxist forces behind many global terrorist networks is uncovered and researches then in 1982 the long-range strategy and tactics are understood of terrorism around the globe. It points out the merger of two countries or rather two organisations relying on each other to do their dirty laundry.
Bill McIlhany who did the McIlhany Report show was first broadcasted on public access cable TV. The studies and audio-visual materials were all included in the public access cable TV show THE MCILHANY REPORT.

Peace and the world structure

The binary opposite of Culture is economy. But what has been revealed through the scrutiny of the banks and the realisation of Banks being the important part of society we see information being the key currency.

Recently there has been a great big challenge on the society that forged the concepts of democracy. Some of these geopolitical notions have been forged by the locals of the U.S.A. Ironically the culture of this country is relatively small according to the time-span of Egypt or the Romans however the art has considerably moved from all over the globe to the American land. Take for example London Bridge. Dismantled then re-erected in the US.

The relationship with the U.K. and the USA has always been strong ever since the lamenting of the independence. The binary opposite of Culture is economy. But what has been revealed through the scrutiny of the banks and the realisation of Banks being the important part of society we see information being the key currency. However without the banks infrastructure the banks cannot generate this commodity.

For example is we in Britain need oil or some other commodity we can trade our knowledge.

Administration skills have shown to improve the finances of countries. However debt is a key principle in this relationship. I am guessing this reinforced the liquidity of information.

Art is information and we interpret this in many different ways but eventually when the effects become popular and the statistical data supports this then we can trade this format to other similar cultural environments. This forges relationships between Liberal minded people all over the planet.

The education available is so powerful it has unfortunately one side affect.

That is the cashless society we now live in.

This principle operates on many levels one of which that I’d like to highlight is the effect on the industry.

E-books being distributed freely are being sold for subscription as am sure your aware we live in a cashless society, that is everything seems to be free.

The modes of address have shifted and the problem of the maths and spaces to transfer data have increased. The www2 is already in place and the possibilities are endless. Politically it was inevitable when the government announced it’s proposals for ID  cards.

By rounding up all the information consumerism will not only change your freedom of choice but literally replace thoughts, leaving you to concentrate on things like leisure time, games and entertainment (Culture).

Supportively we’ve spent the past 40 years academically in a world where the leading minds have defined the word culture. Economically this created an explosion of entertainment. But too much of anything has confused the brains of middle class society. We live in a tolerable society, with dances to show our appreciation of anything, labels have commonalities and leisure has been packaged in many different packages. I just hope you can all continue to pay for these disposable products.

Waste is another factor of culture, were running out of room for antiques and the i-sores of history are being passed on geographically. We are now dumping rubbish in the remotest of areas.

In conclusion is democracy is an affordable principle? If America can still afford to carry the Democratic banner then what can it do to police this situation fairly. If they cannot afford this luxury who can? Finally world peace is only fair by inclusion of major representatives (some of which becomes lost in translation within the syntax of English) however what are we doing to educate these new thriving cities that are rapidly rising above the figures of debt. Mass producing for humans who can afford to use these disposable products in the name of fashion.

Big Brother. Realism and Genre.

This research essay has drawn upon academic research and online sources to discover broad social questions of society, that may be drawn from the Reality TV’s game show Big Brother. The academic origins of media analysis have been from anthropology, linguistics and historians of the media; the research has considered an open narrative analysis of British culture. Specifically Roland Barthes a post Marxist influenced Semiotician, Noam Chomsky a linguist and media critic, Tzvetan Todorov a Bulgarian philosopher who explains genre and human happiness, as well as Annette Hill through her study of  contextual culture, by explaining accordingly audience, origins to the institutions; furthermore some coincidences are noted from other similar profit based ideas on TV.  Moreover with this idea I considered three ‘broad social questions’ of our society and who it chooses to represent then control in entertainment. Firstly the technology available evolved, then British society as apposed to the rest of the world’s society, finally the vote of the people compared to Big Brother voting consequently how this factor may be something bigger than just entertainment in Britain using descriptive analyse in effect of ‘big brother’.

The name ‘Big Brother’ have origins from George Orwell’s idea of Big brother watching over society ‘1984’, a book with ‘utopian’ (Sir Thomas Moore, 1616) ideas of control. In the book ‘1984’ it’s society raises issues about relationships and controlling the workers. Holland has been experimenting with integration of people. Amsterdam especially a man made land from sea originally was connected to Britain 8,000 years ago until the rise in tides, which begins of this idea of reality TV as unnatural. But Britain has always compared it’s self to us or them, an island separate from the rest of Europe.

Anthropologists noticed ordinary lives document back as far as the 9th century from the Arabs who created light-rooms for entertainment. They were without any script and free from any narrative, just a room that framed nature. Nature created its own natural lighting required to exaggerate experience. In the 18th century Dumfries a similar discovery from a similar period revealed the first ideas in the dark-room of ‘camera obscura to camera Lucida’ (1993,Barthes, Of Mythologies). The dark and the light of the real world described coherently as ‘transparency’. From outside looking in the second dimensional view is improved by providing a middle ‘media’(B&S, 3rded, Intro).

The codes and conventions of Barthes supported by Polysemy in Semiotics used initially to understand reading the ‘media texts’ as a format of realism, this essay’s information however suggests ‘an audience desire connection with the real world in a controllable environment’ (B&S,c5, p117).

The case study of John Dovey (2001,135) is referred to explaining an audience as the public sphere for the creation of a community of ordinary people who by explaining the various technical practices will soon adopt there own interpretations through there own eyes. Specifically like online forums. He also speaks of a ‘window on the world’ but to explain this idea in more detail the apparatus available today is considered. (,B&S,ch3,p62).

Today’s introduction of technology consists more of hidden cameras or surveillance video footage focused on ordinary lives. Wherever creating a 3D illusion but this must not be confused with the secretive camera’s of ‘The Truman Show’ movie (Jim Carrey, 2005). More interested in surveillance that has elements of promoting a lack of privacy and more set toward control by re-branding a new identity through the eye of a lens.  HD television improve our visual experience of viewing by filming from various angles otherwise repeating this should not be confused with the lighting and filming. Format of music may well change the surround settings, that I suppose could be argued it contributes  to the ‘deep focus’ upon any unscripted reality appose to the cinematographic opposite ‘shallow focus’(Hill,2002), Barthes accepts these as codes(et-al,B&S,ch2,p33.).

Terrestrial television here in United Kingdom has provided great statistical data thanks to BARB (Broadcasters’ Audience Research Board) this data has relevance to the media’s commercial market, that attracted sponsors like Car Phone Warehouse. 

Factors such as these have contributed to profits from text messaging and the ‘access’ activity that are made from reducing salaries and creating cheap news and like the cinema it also profits from advertising. Advertising is based upon artistic franchises that cost money so for Channel 4 to justify the cost it must show an audience. Adverts support the reality TV for entertainment as well as profit. This synergy (VOD) of working together supportively adds to the illusion of reality through products, fashion, toiletries, music and banks to inter-act with. (B&S,chp6, p165.)

Based in Hilversum, Holland, ‘Endemol’ has scripted (comedy and drama) and non-scripted (reality TV and talent shows) programmes and is the originator of the Big Brother show. Big Brother is basically twelve people, who have never met before, live together for approximately 100 days in a fenced-off compound. They are isolated from the outside world. No phones, newspapers, radios or televisions. No contact with loved ones. They’re all alone except for the millions of viewers watching. Housemates are recorded, broadcasted on television and the internet, and even sent through text messages to mobile phones about the evictions. On a regular basis, the participants are required to nominate two or more housemates. By voting, the viewers decide who leave the house. The last participant to leave the house is the winner. (Endemol,2006.)

Edemol in 2002 had 19 different countries that use the similar idea. Already Big Brother is annually creating a made lineage of previous contestants. These contestants are rewarded with work, there views are requested by understanding new contestants, unlike the British elite this luxury was not inherited. But globally this is a process of  ‘sorting out the winners from the losers’. Contestants are played upon like real life. (Ellis,2001.)

Described fully in ‘Hyperdermic model’ (Chapter6, p148) of quickly introducing to the young or naive a package in this case like a narcotic injected into there lives that they must purchase to be part of that will guarantee pleasure, but it’s life expectancy is short unlike a classic movie or an ongoing soap more an instant fix, how else could one justify observing people sleeping for hours. Simultaneously this generation of couch potatoes (I Ang, 1991, p149) is affective and we see this from statistical figures of all those actively watching ‘Big Brother’. How long will this product remain worthy of watching?

The cognitive therapeutic viewing of bizarre wallpaper Zap Happy Britain (ch6,p160) appeals to the audience anticipation by Endemol of  votes are cast also by pressing the red-button on there remote control another technological extension of realism with there on the spot spin.

“We may be in the early stages of a new social movement for which democratization of the media will be a central focus of discussion, activism and reconstruction.” – Noam Chomsky.

Activism is a term used to explain a social change that I believe contextually Big Brother intended to do, by noticing the numbers of young actively studying media. Chomsky talks about Globalization and this idea is drawn from by paying to vote the audience are far more satisfied compared to the reputations on television. But to assume that technology will improve our reality’s in Britain or to adopt America’s successful idea of Democracy as stated by Chomsky would be contrary to history’s myth of independence (1775–1783) where by the British elite were expelled from America. Other research of political attitudes gives a hint that ‘Big Brother’ may even introduce democracy in Britain, understanding European ideologies, after all the UK is part of the EU.       (B&S, C6)

From further research I noticed GMTV, Richard & Judy’s (Cactus TV) shortcomings. Trust in televisions inter-active TV is depleting. From so many viewers with mobile phones we are well aware of the profit they make from voting. Reinforcing this example laws exist about consent of using the home phone if below the age of 18 (B&S,ch6) but how can these laws be reinforced?

NVLA now known as Mediawatch UK who used to employ Mary Whitehouse is a contemporary movement voice that observes and challenges any violence on TV. They are looking for sexual and profanity matters with an emphasis of any violence. Channel 4 targets a youthful audience prior to the Watershed. Late night viewing was regulated by dubbing the sound out and replacing the sound with birds chirping replacing the real with something close.

Their views are moulded more from ‘Little Brother’(B.B.L.B.) hosted by Dermot O’leary who interviews the stars and the public, ‘Big Mouth’ is hosted by Russell Brand who from Sunday to Friday straight after the show speaks with his audience in London. Both the hosts selected West Endemol were young up and coming comedians. Also Big Brain on channel 4 hosted a more psychological profile of body language and profiling, they call it exposing the intelligence.(Big Brother, 2007) All of these shows contribute to ‘objectivity’(Barthes) of the shows genre.

That is to say by in discussions the shows views become a new perspective all these factors and discussions may help understand their personal views. A good example of controversy arising from the audience observing real life television was Celebrity Big brothers argument between Jane Goody and Shilpa Shetty consequently issues of racism and bullying were raised.

The cat-walk scene of evictee’s greeted by Davina McCall:  The camera and lighted entrance justify this panning around the perimeters’ of the house by the camera crew then narrative sets up expectations of a good speech about the competitors. Horizontally for the audience at home as well, the thousands cheering outside know this realism is pre-ordained and un-rehearsed. Todorov spoke about endings of characters in the story of a film westerns, Barthes through several ways of explaining the Format, that is the contextual linguistic terminology that explains the Media text or the presentation to the audience.

We see the losers rejoicing and cheering eviction, restoring the equilibrium somehow to guarantee celebrations. A happy ending.

This realism has turned over large amounts of money. Concluding that ‘Realism’ as a package on TV has been successful. Although this lack of control within what happens especially with the Jane Goody incident cost West Endemol its sponsors Car-phone Warehouse.

But more importantly of the technological advancement information whereas in life, the internet, You-Tube and forums. Finally the codes incorporated to Big Brother’s Genre is just as valid in this country as it would be in America, it’s only the audience who can also influence anything they don’t like, and traditionally they do. In conclusion this reality TV package delivers an atmosphere where you don’t have to go out and meet people but my reality is what’s real has to excite all of the senses. Not just watching. We all pay rent , or all have mortgages and bills looming overhead; it’s this realism that this era of disaffected and disempowered young middle class may reach out too. Replacing the dissatisfaction so subsequently keeps the young inside the country, an important addictive healthy option.

Footnote:  Russell Brand has announced that he has quit. Edemol this week just purchased The Hammer house of Horror a new element am sure that may influence the format or comedy genre of big brother in UK. Meanwhile this week begins a new episode of big brother. The only contestants I’ve met who has been on big brother is Goldie, Bez and Ken. I have met all the comedians who host the shows and have just noticed a new advert on the web-site ‘Celebrity Big Bubble’ “Stay in and get tanked”, Marilyn Manson appears to be the winner.


Ang, I.(1991) Desperately Seeking the Audience. London: Routledge

Barthes, R (1993) Mythologies. London: Vintage Big Brother(2007): (signified 12/5/2007)

Branston, G and Stafford, R (2003): The Media Student’s Book, Third Edition. London and New York: Routledge.

Chandler, D.(2002):Semiotics: The Basics. London: Routledge

Chomsky,N.(1991):Deterring Democracy. South End Press

Derrida, J.(1997): Of Grammatology: Translated by Gayatri Chackravorty Spivak.The john Hopkins University Press

Dovey, J.(2001): Reality TV, in Creber, Glen(ed.) The Television Genre Book. London: BFIDyer, R.(1977): Entertainment and Utopia. London: Routledge

Eagleton, T.(1996): Literary Theory: An Introduction. Chapter 3 – Semiotics

Ellis, J.(2001) Reality TV, in Creber, Glen(ed.) The Television Genre Book. London:BFI

Endemol(2006): (signified 10/5/2007)

Goody J(22/1/2007) (signified 16/5/2007)

Hall, S.(1974) The television Discourse- encoding and de-coding Education and Culture No.25(unesco) Reprinted by A. Gray and J. McGuigan

Hawkes, T. (1977): Structuralism and semiotics. University of California Press

Hill, A.(2002): ‘Big Brother: the real audience,’ Television and Media.(eds)(1997) Studying Culture, London: Arnold

Orwell. G. (1949): 1984.London. Martin Secker & Warburg

The Truman Show(2005):  (signified 15/5/2007) 

Alfred Hitchcock’s Murder on a Train.

Strangers on a Train.

In 1951 this low budget thriller directed by Alfred Hitchcock is yet again another example of the intense presence he stamps upon his films.

As can be expected this film out of the many great Hitchcock films shows a variety of synopsis under these circumstances the Warner Bros film is showing Diegesis of Robert Walker’s character (Bruno) and again how revisiting old ground can affect with a change in the Non-diegetic elements orchestrating a somewhat light hearted view of murder, encroached with weird wonderful feminine twists from the support of murderer by the mothers naivety and his fathers control of the house suggesting an innocence again.

This moving image (Mise-en-scene) of the merry-go-round or the train to proximity of the opening scene’s of fixating on the shoes and the ground all equally describe binary opposites which merely re-iterates the effectiveness of Strangers on a Train successfully by example explain the Media totality and any binary oppositions present in the terminology required by even the smallest member of ‘Media’s vast spectrum’.

Like most of Hitchcock’s thrillers we find him making appearances here there and everywhere in this example he crops up boarding the train in the first 20 minutes of the movie but more importantly his talented direction is displayed through camera angles (crooked) for Bruno and lighted alongside the shutters denoting some behind bars illusion even though we can safely assume the character is of an upper-class origin, his weasel ways are always made acceptable through his desire for thrills and his copious tolerance of cigarettes and alcohol, the murder is what the genre is and Alfred through his magical affect’s on screen co-ordinates this illusion throughout enough as to keep the watcher interested enough to move around the edge of there seat as indeed in my opinion most thrillers should do.

These binary similarities of Culture and Economy light heartedly deliver a humorous in-detail display of emotive rationality to the rationality of origins, although conflictingly the beginning seems to race into this idea that the innocent invoke the madness of others through the skull-duggery of real life commitments like marriage and dating the Senators daughter to the Media writing about those who desire goals, winners! This epoch throughout the film continues through the characters taking a shine to Bruno his cheap charm and fancy spats works every time but your always left with some humour of how low a murderer stoops.

However in the public eye these high brow issues of course would be thought of quite differently and remember coming away from the illusive settings of Washington and it’s modern monsters of stone we feel separate from the world in the 50’s post war would have gained hope from seeing locations although not yet attainable by most the topic is reinforced in Bruno’s speech about flying in a jet and clearing out the sawdust to even dreaming of being the first to fly to the moon, that’s later used to impress the Senator- (Leo G Carroll)-Morton in a tall story of being great to here footprints happening on the surface of Mars!

Without these notions of equality Producing Media products in Hollywood to sell around the world.

Globalisation of a product that may be translated in many different ways is always tied into this genre.

Provided unusually by a director, a director is in the control of his tools; the actors, the cameramen and of course the control of natures weather, suggested by the many shots of the moon.

Why well particularly in regard to textual analysis and this idea of dissolving two scenes together as a passing of time chronologically we feel sequentially to be in the here and now and this effective illusion again displays the mastery of directorship, normally we’d feel attracted to the actors.

Their names and reputation but look closely again at this film it’s great how binary opposites and popping of balloons seems to add a humorous disdain sided toward building upon a conclusion.

The old man crawls below the Merry-go-round to dismantle the already broken switch in his attempt to save two young boys racing round and round.

The two main characters battle it out under the hooves of a mannequin horses hoof.

The crooked camera shots begin to level out between the two main characters merely adding to the expectation of this wooden hoof crushing the face of our innocent hero who all he did was to play tennis well and realise something’s are best not mentioned to the cops or even the ones you love.

There are many other ways of studying this film, I thought the mis en scene was a challenge but there you go, its an interesting film.

History Of Films.

Question 8.

Using no more than three films as examples assess the importance of technological developments for the movie industries.

In this broad context of films we may understand why we go to see them but are we aware of what goes on behind the scenes and how tricky it may have been to originally get the film on big screen.

how the big screen came to be so big and why this industry still today continues to create revenue for it’s Director’s, writers with there space brokering reviews.

Actors and bloopers, make up artists applying the new cosmetics quicker or how they’d had to adjust to changing pixels.

The cameramen and stunt men’s training and pushing boundaries through time and space as the diverse public demanded more.

The three films are two from the film noir era from Universal in 1925 The Phantom of the Opera.

To a personal favourite The Maltese Falcon starring Humphrey Bogart under the wing of Jack Warner.

Then the colour movie from British low budget cinematographer  My Little Eye – 2002, 95 minutes long another Thriller, that incorporated the big brother plot, so its 20’s, 40’s then into the 21st century.

The synopsis of each individual film in detail will have not enough relevance to the technological change but selected extracts may by example refer to the requirements.

Before all this cinematography and prestige through Mike Chopra Grant’s lecture a brief synopsis of how it used to be up to the cinema we know and love today.

‘In 1834 the Zeotrope was released by William Horner manufactured and patented for it’s moving pictures in a cylindrical container. 1888 the invention of the flexible film by  Eastman Kodak. 1891 Edison patented the Kinetograph a camera that projected in Kinetescope and two years later Edison  set up a film studio called Kinetoscope films then a year later the open and closing camera was invented my Thomas. By 1896 he’d also became famous for his vitascope projector. Mutoscope 1894 the spinning cards create a very short movie.

Early Black and white films were screened at a ratio of 133(1.37):1 (Academy).

Then colour came and described this as high fidelity 185:1 (Vista vision).

In Cinema scope the screen lengthened in size to 2.35:1 (Cinemascope).’                                                                        

Researched  by  Mike Chopra Gant(2006) The Phantom of the Opera has been remade since the early release back in the twenties not just in the cinema’s but also in the West End by the late Ken Hill who also wrote Crossroads a British soap in the late seventies and early 80’s.

But the original 1926 version was released by or at the Paris Opera it has been running for 17 years now.

Warner Bros re-released the film recently applying Andrew Lloyd Webbers version to cinema this film is a perfect example of the genre and following of what could only be classed as an original thriller that possibly influenced Tony Robbins comic cartoon and cinema rehash of V for Vendetta.

This Arty concept of the disfigured musician haunting the theatre began in 1910 in a French authors book called ‘Le Fantome de l’opera’ by Gaston Leroux.

The Universal Studio’s team had remarked whilst filming the original starring Lon Chaney that mysterious occurrences on set happened and also at that time the public were hideously shocked by the make up used to portray his disfigurement.

All these factors created a coherent message upon cultural and ideological concepts of the public that still progressed even now, you could I presume call this an institution.

Created by Hollywood’s stamp and a great novel with room to incorporate music all major factors of today’s media but remember this film was around the silent period, the music may have been played live upon an organ or gramophone.

At this time also the frames were less per second as well as the obvious invention of colour missing. The vocals supplemented with speech cards that bullet pointed the story and scene.

The French have always had interest in the cinema although America has had 80-85% of the revenue market and French by some as cited by Anne Jάckel as avant-garde surrealism and blockbusters such as these that come away from the EU’s branding of ‘auteur cinema’ and synonymy’s world-wide in this case. In 1993 a campaign called cultural exception in France revealed American films exported generated revenues of more than £2.5 billion so again it’s this revenue that created the Phantoms prestige today. This explains the horror value challenged assumptions about childhood innocence early said about penny dreadful and how the provincial audience are victims of the Medias effects more inclined towards middle brow radio listeners and ‘its The B movie was a direct response by Hollywood to the falling cinema audiences of the early Depression years.’(modern Times).

The big five in Hollywood in the 1930’s was Warner Brothers, Loews-MGM, Paramount, RKO and twentieth Century Fox. The little three were Universal, Columbia and finally United Artists. The first movie in New York had 5490 seating capacity and was classed as an A movie. (top quality film) this was set up in the radio musical Hall. 1948 the paramount decree stated a divorce between studios and there production from distribution and exhibition.

Moving on to the forties the infamous Humphrey Bogart (Sam Spade). Los Angeles again in Black and White with normal sound and dialect as we know today but in mono by RCA Sound Systems. Utilising the locations that merely added to Warner Bros theatrical illusion.

Casablanca journey and musical quotes of Play it again Sam that has been displaced humorously for television adverts selling Holstein Pils or the display of the importance of smoking at that time.

It was sold as good for you and advertised as a relaxant unlike today’s medical experiences and of course smoking in the auditoriums would have had sections for smokers that has often also been depicted in film clippings of say the soldiers watching projections the light silhouetting the smog.

Today television would be used or if you were lucky to see this film in the IMAX in 3D not the Creature of The Black Lagoon 3D of red and green goggles but some other pixel adjusted Jaws 3 version.

The film’s at this time shown would have been surrounded by political messages about the War the contingency of ‘Man’s ego and pride’ is levied in this American stars character. Even today we don’t see Russian characters fighting for us.

Ever since the cold war prior to the filming of this period but Kasper Gutman played by Sydney Greenstreet and Spades Yiddish comment to Alisha Cook Jr. who plays a woman with her own surname called Willmar Cook a ‘Gunsel’. The English interpretation of this being goose I use this only as a hint of the funding of Warner Bros Jewish influence.

Film financing was taxed on cinema tickets that increases the prices and it’s this key factor that contributed to the film companies introducing the class of movie, today I personally would class the Maltese Falcon [1941]  as a B movie.

Repeated on T.V year after year by BBC2 a (PG) film released at an expensive budget due to some of this film actually being filmed on location that merely adds to the tax exchange that would increase a revenue market for application before filming, the producers and director John Huston would have also lived this jet set lifestyle although his profile would not have been celebrity status as today with the improvement of new synergy around films and DVD’s of today’s home entertainment.

Incidentally internationalisation and it’s expansion since 1989 compared to 1999 figures in Spain (nearest the Madagascar) of the country’s investment in films has become threefold. 

By the 1960’s due to technology peoples lifestyle changed the locations seen on the big screen as a kid was now possible to be seen. For much more people they could relive the fantasy they derived from watching the movie, this universalisation and homogenisation was a consequence of these factors.

Unlike BBC’s early motto of education, inform and entertain the cinema has been more interested in action, visual drama no cliff hangers and incite happiness or rather feelings by showing locations, certain actors and great cars.

Today’s negative influence of reality TV influences many a conversation world wide.

Orson Wells notion of Big brother is watching us I chose an English funded film My Little Eye (2001)(95 mins) shot in Nova Scotia directed by Mark Evans idea of any Joe Bloggs being a star that adds to the five minutes of fame.

In 2001 WT Venture LLC when this production was released on DVD in this country two years later the synergy behind it’s double CD package (CD being a big part of the Silicone revolution) was equal I personally feel to the film, with directors explaining the filming, characters analysed through a computer interactive type affect that increase the analyse of film even though lacking any amazing plot the suspense as in all these films builds it up a merit that deserves mention.

Paul Du Gay: The circuit of culture intertwine between representation, identity,   production, consumption, regulation and representation and all contribute to the final film that which we see in the cinema remembering that technology does have a certain part to play but more so now than the majority of the 20th century. 

The Medias registers revolved around these movies, and how they conformed to the social attitudes at that time and suggest how values may have also been influenced be it the powers of the Warner Brothers.

Explained also the modes and conventions at the time of each movie and the conventions they were governed by at that particular time to how the film rose to almost and how dynamic cult status arrived remembering that America was an early player but striving to look globally of the movie industry’s effect on man and the Media.

l have analysed the dialogue of each film and my own dialogic. Briefly mentioned the synergy around the films then and now. The importance of amplification in the cinemas and the big screen and described each licence for the appropriate time of the film released to the re-runs today the B movies.

BIBLIOGRAPHY Briggs, A & Burke, P(2002) A Social History of the Media. Polity Press

Briggs, A and Cobley, P eds.(2002) The Media:An Introduction. 2nd Edition: Chapter 11. Cinema(Anne Jackel). Harlow Essex: Pearson Education Limited

Course Handbook. London North.(2006) BSc(Hons) Media Studies. Londonmet.pdf

Neil Youngs Film Lounge



Web CT by Mike Chopra-Gant.

Lectures by Dr Anna Gough-Yates, Dr. Chopra-Gant, Gholam Khiabany, June Porter, James Bennett, and finally Dr. Bill.
Work was done between Ladbroke House and the tower building in Holloway’s London Metropolitan